Cunha, Miguel PE; Rego, Armenio; and Clegg, Stewart R. (2010). Obedience and evil from Milgram and Kampuchea to normal organizations.
Journal of Business Ethics, 97 (2), 291-309.
Summary: Stanley Milgram, the famous experimental social psychologist, shocked the world with theory. Another man, Pol Pot, shocked the world with genocide, in the process showing how far obedience could go in human societies.
Milgram conducted his experiments in the controlled environment of the US psychology laboratory of the 1960s. Pol Pot experimented with Utopia in the totalitarian genocidal Kampuchea of the 1970s.
We discuss the process through which the Khmer Rouge regime created an army of unquestioningly obedient soldiers – child soldiers included, children of the revolution.
Based on these two cases we advance a framework on how obedience can be grown or countered. Submitted by: Miguel Pina E. Cunha, Faculdade de Economia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject descriptors: Obedience to authority, Cambodian genocide, Milgram, Stanley