segunda-feira, abril 21, 2014

Salazar's harsh punishement may have reflected Nazi influence

A Portuguese journalist writing under the pseudonym "Onix" in New Bedford's Diario de Noticias in February 1946 defended the actions of Aristides de Sousa Mendes and questioned to what extent the harsh punishment might have reflected Nazis influence over the Salazar regime. 
‘Salazar condemned to poverty the Consul of Portugal in Bordeaux, for having applied visas to the passports of refugees who in 1940 went to Lisbon with fear of the Nazi invaders!’  Other officials charged with disciplinary infractions were treated with more leniency.  
In  another article published in June 1947, “Onix”   reminding readers   that the new Ambassador of Portugal to Washington, DC, Pedro Teotónio Pereira  was vehemently opposed to the granting of visas by   Sousa Mendes  and testified stongly against him, thus contributing to the negative outcome of the  Consul’s disciplinary process. 

The Sousa Mendes disciplinary proceedings were only an internal process.  It is unclear to what extent there might have been Nazi pressure between 1940 and the end of World War II for Salazar to punish Sousa Mendes
- Salazar's censorship board controlled all letters leaving the country - MYTH, 'Onix' was able to mail several explosive articles against Salazar for a period of over 1 year; it is probable that the censorship board caught up with these letters
The journalis,  only known by pseudonym "Onix", also took great personal  risks, by writing and mailing several explosive articles to New Bedford, Massachusetts' Diário de Notícias, a Portuguese-language daily newspaper.

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